jefrymarsh in Dominican Republic

DominicanRepublicF.gif Dominican Republic Flag - Dominican Republic
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DominicanRepublicF.gif Dominican Republic Flag
The Dominican Republic is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region. It occupies the eastern five-eighths of the island, which it shares with the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two countries. The Dominican Republic is the second-largest Caribbean nation by area (after Cuba) at 48,445 square kilometers (18,705 sq mi), and third by population with approximately 10 million people, of which approximately three million live in the metropolitan area of Santo Domingo, the capital city.

Christopher Columbus landed on the island on December 5, 1492, which the native Tano people had inhabited since the 7th century. The colony of Santo Domingo became the site of the first permanent European settlement in the Americas, the oldest continuously inhabited city, and the first seat of the Spanish colonial rule in the New World. After more than three hundred years of Spanish rule the Dominican people declared independence in November 1821. The leader of the independence movement Jos Nez de , intended the Dominican nation to unite with the country of Gran Colombia, but no longer under Spains custody the newly independent Dominicans were forcefully annexed by Haiti in February 1822. Independence came 22 years later after victory in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844. Over the next 72 years the Dominican Republic experienced mostly internal conflicts and a brief return to colonial status (but Spain had not come to take away its independence) before permanently ousting Spanish rule during the Dominican War of Restoration of 1863-1865. A United States occupation lasted eight years between 1916 and 1924, and a subsequent calm and prosperous six-year period under Horacio Vsquez was followed by the dictatorship of Rafael Lenidas Trujillo until 1961. A civil war in 1965, the countrys last, was ended by U.S. military occupation and was followed by the authoritarian rule of Joaqun Balaguer (1966-1978 & 1986-1996), the rules of Antonio Guzmn (1972-1978) & Salvador Jorge Blanco (1982-1986). Since 1996, the Dominican Republic has moved toward representative democracy and has been led by Leonel Fernndez for most of the time since 1996. Danilo Medina, the Dominican Republics current president, succeeded Fernandez in 2012, winning 51% of the electoral vote over his opponent ex-president Hiplito Meja.

The Dominican Republic has the ninth-largest economy in Latin America and is the largest economy in the Caribbean and Central American region. Over the last two decades, the Dominican Republic has had one of the fastest-growing economies in the Americas with an average real GDP growth rate of 5.4% between 1992 and 2014. GDP growth in 2014 and 2015 reached 7.3 and 7.0%, respectively, the highest in the Western Hemisphere. In the first half of 2016 the Dominican economy grew 7.4% continuing its trend of rapid economic growth. Recent growth has been driven by construction, manufacturing, tourism, and mining. The country is the site of the second largest gold mine in the world, the Pueblo Viejo mine. Private consumption has been strong, as a result of low inflation (under 1% on average in 2015), job creation, as well as a high level of remittances.
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